Posted by: sutrisno | October 17, 2010

Format Hardisk dari konsole Linux

Kemarin saya mencoba format hardis dari terminal linux,karena lama ga melakukan jadi lupa makanya begitu di suruh format hardis yang ga di pakai 20GB padahal itu ada file sistemnya windows.Jadi inget masa-masa lalu (masa migrasi dari windows unlicency ke opensource)Hardik itu saya delete partisi windowsnya kemudian saya buat partisi linux berikut step-stepnya,

Sambil belajar saya mencoba lagi namanya juga Newbie….
Ini partisi sebelumnya

[root@kampret ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/hda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes

255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylinders

Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Disk identifier: 0x83108015

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

/dev/hda1 * 1 1792 14394208+ 83 Linux

/dev/hda2 1793 9729 63753952+ 5 Extended

/dev/hda5 1793 1955 1309266 82 Linux swap / Solaris

/dev/hda6 1956 9729 62444623+ 83 Linux

Disk /dev/hdd: 20.4 GB, 20490559488 bytes

255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2491 cylinders

Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Disk identifier: 0x0007fc20

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

/dev/hdd1 * 1 1912 15358108+ 7 HPFS/NTFS

/dev/hdd2 1913 2490 4642785 f W95 Ext’d (LBA)

/dev/hdd5 1913 2490 4642753+ 7 HPFS/NTFS

Kemudian kita delete partisi windownya

[root@kampret ~]# fdisk /dev/hdd

The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 2491.

There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,

and could in certain setups cause problems with:

1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)

2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs

(e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)

Command (m for help): m

Command action

a toggle a bootable flag

b edit bsd disklabel

c toggle the dos compatibility flag

d delete a partition

l list known partition types

m print this menu

n add a new partition

o create a new empty DOS partition table

p print the partition table

q quit without saving changes

s create a new empty Sun disklabel

t change a partition’s system id

u change display/entry units

v verify the partition table

w write table to disk and exit

x extra functionality (experts only)

Delete partisi

Command (m for help): d

Partition number (1-5): 1

Command (m for help): d

Partition number (1-5): 5

Command (m for help): d

Selected partition 2

Menulis ke hardisk

Disk /dev/hdd: 20.4 GB, 20490559488 bytes

255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2491 cylinders

Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Disk identifier: 0x0007fc20

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

Command (m for help): w

The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

Syncing disks

Setelah kita delete kita buat partisinya dengan perintah

Command (m for help): n

Command action

e extended

p primary partition (1-4)

p

Partition number (1-4): 1

First cylinder (1-39703, default 1): 1

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-39703, default 39703): 39703

Command (m for help): t

Selected partition 1

Hex code (type L to list codes): 83

Command (m for help): w

The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

Syncing disks.

O..ya lupa code 83 adalah FS untuk linux

berikut list kodenya

Command (m for help): l

0 Empty 1e Hidden W95 FAT1 80 Old Minix be Solaris boot

1 FAT12 24 NEC DOS 81 Minix / old Lin bf Solaris

2 XENIX root 39 Plan 9 82 Linux swap / So c1 DRDOS/sec (FAT-

3 XENIX usr 3c PartitionMagic 83 Linux c4 DRDOS/sec (FAT-

4 FAT16 <32M 40 Venix 80286 84 OS/2 hidden C: c6 DRDOS/sec (FAT-

5 Extended 41 PPC PReP Boot 85 Linux extended c7 Syrinx

6 FAT16 42 SFS 86 NTFS volume set da Non-FS data

7 HPFS/NTFS 4d QNX4.x 87 NTFS volume set db CP/M / CTOS / .

8 AIX 4e QNX4.x 2nd part 88 Linux plaintext de Dell Utility

9 AIX bootable 4f QNX4.x 3rd part 8e Linux LVM df BootIt

a OS/2 Boot Manag 50 OnTrack DM 93 Amoeba e1 DOS access

b W95 FAT32 51 OnTrack DM6 Aux 94 Amoeba BBT e3 DOS R/O

c W95 FAT32 (LBA) 52 CP/M 9f BSD/OS e4 SpeedStor

e W95 FAT16 (LBA) 53 OnTrack DM6 Aux a0 IBM Thinkpad hi eb BeOS fs

f W95 Ext'd (LBA) 54 OnTrackDM6 a5 FreeBSD ee EFI GPT

10 OPUS 55 EZ-Drive a6 OpenBSD ef EFI (FAT-12/16/

11 Hidden FAT12 56 Golden Bow a7 NeXTSTEP f0 Linux/PA-RISC b

12 Compaq diagnost 5c Priam Edisk a8 Darwin UFS f1 SpeedStor

14 Hidden FAT16❤ 61 SpeedStor a9 NetBSD f4 SpeedStor

16 Hidden FAT16 63 GNU HURD or Sys ab Darwin boot f2 DOS secondary

17 Hidden HPFS/NTF 64 Novell Netware b7 BSDI fs fd Linux raid auto

18 AST SmartSleep 65 Novell Netware b8 BSDI swap fe LANstep

1b Hidden W95 FAT3 70 DiskSecure Mult bb Boot Wizard hid ff BBT

1c Hidden W95 FAT3 75 PC/IX

Setelah kita akan menformat hardis setelah kita buat tabel partisinya ,yaitu kita akan format dengan file sistem linux yaitu EXT3

yaitu mkfs.ext3 no_partisi

Inilah cara dan prosesnya

[root@kampret ~]# mkfs.ext3 /dev/hdd1

mke2fs 1.40.8 (13-Mar-2008)

Warning: 256-byte inodes not usable on older systems

Filesystem label=

OS type: Linux

Block size=4096 (log=2)

Fragment size=4096 (log=2)

1250928 inodes, 5002570 blocks

250128 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user

First data block=0

Maximum filesystem blocks=0

153 block groups

32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group

8176 inodes per group

Superblock backups stored on blocks:

32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208,

4096000

Writing inode tables: done

Creating journal (32768 blocks): done

Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

This filesystem will be automatically checked every 37 mounts or

180 days, whichever comes first. Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.

Setelah kita format kita lihat hasilnya apakah sudah terpartisi dengan partisi ext3,dengan kita cek menggunakan perintah

fdisk -l,maka akan tampil partisi dalam filesistem linux kita

[root@kampret ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/hda: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes

255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 9729 cylinders

Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Disk identifier: 0x83108015

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

/dev/hda1 * 1 1792 14394208+ 83 Linux

/dev/hda2 1793 9729 63753952+ 5 Extended

/dev/hda5 1793 1955 1309266 82 Linux swap / Solaris

/dev/hda6 1956 9729 62444623+ 83 Linux

Disk /dev/hdd: 20.4 GB, 20490559488 bytes

16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 39703 cylinders

Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes

Disk identifier: 0x6fa5da49

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

/dev/hdd1 1 39703 20010280+ 83 Linux

[root@kampret ~]#

Bagi teman,kawan yang suka utak atik linux silahkan mencoba.


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